Third largest of the world’s continents, lying for the most part between the Arctic Circle and the Tropic of Cancer. North America includes Canada, The United States ( including Alaska and Hawaii) , Mexico, the West Indies, and Central America, North America is bordered in the north by the Arctic Ocean, and the west by the Pacific Ocean, and the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the South by the Caribbean Sea.
North America occupies the northern portion of the landmass generally referred to as the New World, the Western Hemisphere, or simply the Americas. Mainland North America is shaped roughly like a triangle, with its base in the north and its apex in the south; associated with the continent is Greenland, the largest island in the world, and such offshore groups as the Arctic Archipelago, the West Indies, Haida Gwaii (formerly the Queen Charlotte Islands), and the Aleutian Islands.
The continent of North America is totally surrounded by water. At first glance, this is hard to see. However, the Panama Canal, a manmade structure located in the Central American country of Panama, is usually considered the dividing body of water between the continents of North and South American. Since the Panama Canal is located in the middle of the country of Panama, many consider Panama to be located in both continents.
North America contains some of the oldest rocks on Earth. Its geologic structure is built around a stable platform of Precambrianrock called the Canadian (Laurentian) Shield. To the southeast of the shield rose the ancient Appalachian Mountains; and to the west rose the younger and considerably taller Cordilleras, which occupy nearly one-third of the continent’s land area. In between these two mountain belts are the generally flat regions of the Great Plains in the west and the Central Lowlands in the east.
Countries and continental
North America consists of three large nations and one large island territory that covers most of its area. They are Canada, the United States of America (USA), Mexico and Greenland.
There are also seven smaller nations at its southern extreme collectively known as Central America, around two dozen island nations and territories of various sizes in the Caribbean, and one isolated French territory (Saint-Pierre and Miquelon) off the Canadian Atlantic coast.
Although the Central American and the Caribbean regions are technically part of the North American continent, they are commonly listed separately from their larger neighbours to the north and hence the distinctive region names for both cultural and geographical reasons.
The beautiful country of Canada certainly has vast expanses of breathtaking, unspoiled wilderness, but it also features some of the world's most modern, cosmopolitan cities. Canada has something for everyone.
Crystal-clear water, white sandy beaches, and laid-back island culture, cheerful and picturesque people make the Caribbean one of the world's top vacation spots.
The seven small nations of this isthmus connecting North and South America blend elements of both continents; you'll find bustling cities, long coastlines, ancient jungle ruins, and Spanish-tinged mestizo and Afro-Indian cultures.
A self-governing country, but officially still part of Denmark, Greenland is a vast island of stark landscapes and midnight sun.
Is a big tourist attraction for sun-seekers and historians alike; the former flock to Mexico's tropical beaches, while the latter find the artifacts of the ancient Aztec and Mayan civilization fascinating.
United States of America
One of the largest, most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations on Earth includes some of the world's most famous cities, natural parks of unspeakable beauty, and virtually everything in between.
Chicago: The third most populous city in the United States, the 'Windy City' is the home of the skyscraper and blues music.
Havana: The capital of Cuba is famous for its cigars, its strong Hispanic-Caribbean culture, and its legendary nightlife.
Kingston: A hub of Afro-Caribbean culture, it is cosmopolitan, diverse and the Home of Reggae.
Los Angeles: Hollywood and movie stars; mountains and beaches; and lots of traffic.
Mexico City: The third-largest city in the world is chock-full of museums, centuries-old architecture, modern amenities... and people.
Montréal: The Paris of Canada; Canada's second-largest city and the bilingual cultural and economic capital of the province of Québec.
Miami : Know for la capital del sol( Capital of the sun) famous for its beaches, attracts sun-seeking northerners and home to a rich, vibrant, Latin-influenced, Caribbean culture
New Orleans : Best know as NOLA "The Big Easy" is the birthplace of Jazz, and is known for its quaint French Quarter and annual Mardi Gras celebration
New York City: Know as the city that never sleep, commerce and culture revolves around the Big Apple, immortalized in film and song
Panama City : A friendly city sitting at the nexus between two continents.
Toronto: The largest city of Canada, a cosmopolitan mosaic with soaring skyscrapers nestled over the beautiful Lake Ontario.
Vancouver: The beautiful city of steel and glass condominiums and outstanding natural beauty, where you can go skiing and sit on the beach in the same day
Washington, D.C: The Capital of the United States, with cultural and historical attractions aplenty, you will find the most beautiful museums here.
Anchorage : Gateway to the land of the Midnight Sun, unmatched scenery, wildlife and a very diverse ethnic population from around the world